From awaiting a pleasantly consistent rainy season, today we have come to dreading the same as it becomes more and more erratic in India coupled with a rising risk of overwhelming water – borne diseases and lowering immunity among people. Monsoon in India has been all about feeling relief from the oppressive heat during summer, enjoying a cup of tea and listening to retro music. Sadly, reality is a bit different today.
Monsoon brings in a rush of illnesses. Over 18,700 cases of dengue have been reported in the country so far in 2017, highest in the state of Kerala. Nearly 95% of India lives in malaria endemic areas. Viral fever struck over 4 lakh people in Ahmedabad in the month of July. Adding to the menace, the symptoms of all monsoon related diseases are very similar to those of swine flu making it difficult to diagnose it.
Symptoms and when to call a Doctor
Here are the top 5 diseases that you are most likely to contract during monsoon in India. Read on to know when your common cold symptoms may lead to a serious disease and when should you go to a doctor or a hospital to prevent any sort of medical emergency.
- Dengue: The most common condition caused by tiger mosquito. Dengue symptoms are high fever, severe headache and joint pain. Consult a doctor immediately if you experience persistent vomiting, skin rashes and blood in vomit.
- Jaundice: Monsoon is the primary time of catching this disease through consumption of contaminated water and food. Symptoms include yellow tinge on the skin and eyes, itchiness, weight loss, paler than usual stools. Find the nearest doctor or hospital immediately if you experience abdominal pain, fatigue and vomiting.
- Viral Fever: Viral fevers are most common during monsoon. Severe fever, cold and cough are some common symptoms. This may last from 3-7 days. However, it is always good to consult your doctor before diagnosing anything.
- Typhoid: A water borne disease, typhoid is commonly caused due to poor sanitation. Salmonella typhi bacteria is what causes typhoid. Fever, headache, weakness, pain and sore throat are some symptoms of typhoid. Relapses of these symptoms are common in typhoid and the patient needs to be careful to avoid the same.
- Malaria: Malaria is caused by female anopheles mosquito, which breeds in waterlogged areas. It is because of this, that malaria is the most common ailment during monsoon. Fever, shivers, muscle pain and weakness are the most prominent symptoms of malaria. Call a doctor right away if you have been in a malaria prone area, were exposed to mosquitoes and develop flu-like symptoms.
How can you protect yourself and your loved ones to stay safe during monsoon?
- Monsoon is the time when dirty water mixed with sewage and soil can cause infections. Stick to boiled and filtered water or bottled mineral water for drinking.
- Prevent stagnation of water near your house to avert mosquitoes breeding during monsoon.
- Use insect repellants before going out in rainy season.
- Clean your vegetables and fruits under running water or steam them to remove germs. Avoid eating roadside food items.
- Follow strict sanitation like washing hands before eating and keeping water reservoirs clean.
Children are most likely to contract these diseases as their immunity is low. Make sure your kids look after their sanitation during the rainy season.
What to do in an emergency situation?
The above mentioned diseases may become life-threatening if not diagnosed on time. Severe symptoms like difficulty in breathing, fatigue, severe abdominal pain, fever as high as 103℉ and above , blood in your nose may lead to an emergency where medical intervention is necessary. Do not panic in such situations. Call the nearest medical responder like a doctor or an ambulance for early access to care.
MUrgency Network has the largest network of validated first responders in India to provide help during such emergencies.
Make sure you know how to protect yourself and your loved ones from these dangerous rain related diseases. In spite of all efforts, if you still contract the symptoms, seek medical help immediately.
We wish you a safe and happy monsoon!