As humans, we believe that rushing to the hospital in the closest vehicle possible is going to save the life of our loved ones in a medical emergency.
It is understood by very few for what an ambulance is capable of doing. Transporting a patient? Absolutely!
But that is just the beginning!
Is it a Medical Emergency?
Medical emergencies may arise due to various reasons and once that happens, it is necessary to have a structured way to circumvent such situations. Know how to recognize emergency warning signs: Some of the medical emergency signs include sudden dizziness, shortness of breath, fainting, weakness, change in vision, severe pain in abdomen, bleeding, coughing blood etc. Make sure that you recognize these signs as early as possible and call for medical help.
One of the best ways to ensure patient safety and care during medical emergencies is contacting doctors and ambulance services. Emergency doctors or paramedics have specialized skills including include airway management, breathing, circulation, cardiac arrest, cardiac monitoring, drug administration, patient assessment etc.
Ambulance Is More Than a Vehicle
An ambulance is not only transportation, it is a pre-hospital setup run by a team of qualified professionals involving a nurse, doctor, EMT and the driver.
Depending on the type of emergency, you can opt for either of the two types of ambulances available. One is a Basic Life Support (BLS) ambulance and an Advanced Life Support (ALS) ambulance also called a Cardiac Care Ambulance.
A basic life support ambulance is equipped with life support equipment like an oxygen cylinder, BP monitor and stethoscope. This type of ambulance can be used for emergencies that are not very grievous or for inter-facility transfers.
The other type of ambulance is the Advanced Life Support Ambulance or the Cardiac care ambulance. This ambulance is fitted with advance life support machines such as a defibrillator (a machine used to restart the heart), ECG machine (used to monitor the heart rate of a person), ventilator and oxygen cylinders. This ambulance is the go-to choice in case of a severe emergency, for example, heart attack, asthma attack, unconsciousness, stroke, severe bleeding etc.
In some cases, the only way to transport a patient safely and quickly is in an Air ambulance. Commercial flights can be used for comparatively stable patients whereas Charters are used for aeromedical transport to transfer critical patients.
Tips to remember while using an Ambulance
- Dr. Narasinh suggests not to wait till the last minute to call an ambulance or seek help. One must call immediately to not worsen the case and give complete details in order to get the right kind of ambulance.
“Some common mistakes during road-side emergencies such as giving water to an unconscious patient without considering about the water choking him/her is dangerous.
Trying to open the mouth of a patient who is experiencing seizures with a metal spoon or hard object causes breakage of teeth or injuries to the tongue/mouth and worsens the conditions for any doctor to operate.”
–Dr.Narasinh Arolkar holds a post-graduation diploma in emergency medical services. Currently working with MUrgency as Medical Lead, India, he holds a total experience 8+ years in critical care.
- In case of road-side injuries, instead of providing water to the patient, give compression on the chest or turn the patient to their left.
- And finally, if one is unsure of what to do, DO NOTHING!
They suggest: Bystanders can provide first aid “only if they are trained and if they are aware of what to do, otherwise
call 91118 91118.”